US Constitution

US Constitution

1st Protects freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the government

2nd Protects the right to bear arms

3rd Prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers during peacetime

4th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause

5th Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy

6th Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including the rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel

7th Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law

8th Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment

9th Protects rights not enumerated in the constitution

10th Limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated to it by the Constitution

11th Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders; lays the foundation for sovereign immunity

12th Revises presidential election procedures

13th Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude,

US Constitution

14th Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues

15th Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude

 

16th Allows the federal government to collect income tax

17th Establishes the direct election of United States Senators by popular vote

18th Establishes prohibition of alcohol (repealed by Twenty-first Amendment

19th Establishes women’s suffrage

20th Fixes the dates of term commencements for Congress (January 3) and the President (January 20); known as the “lame duck amendment”

21st Repeals the Eighteenth Amendment and prohibits violations of state laws regarding alcohol

22nd Limits the number of times that a person can be elected president: a person cannot be elected president more than twice, and a person who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected cannot be elected more than once

23rd Provides for representation of Washington, D.C., in the Electoral College

24th Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes

25th Codifies the Tyler Precedent; defines the process of presidential succession

26th Establishes the right to vote for those age 18 years or older